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Cardigan Welsh Corgis Information

Description

A very low set dog, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is very muscular, athletic and intelligent. Different in appearance from the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, the Cardigan has slightly longer hair and a full tail. The breed has rounded paws, very study legs and a wide chest and head. The ears on the Cardigan Welsh Corgi are always held in the alert position, and the eyes are colored to match the coat. The coat is very thick with a coarser outer coat covering a very thick and softer undercoat. The coat colors are varied with blue merle, black and tan, brindle, black, black and brindle and sable colors all acceptable. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi often has white on the face, chest and feet. 

Temperament

Known for their watchdog abilities, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a fiercely protective dog that will bark a warning when strange people or animals approach. They are known for aggression towards other dogs, particularly males that are not neutered, but if socialized properly will be good companion pets. Cardigan Welsh Corgis will socialize well with cats and other smaller dogs, but may have difficulty in adjusting to larger breeds of dogs, especially a dominant breed. The females are slightly less territorial than the males and both make terrific pets for families, although they do better with older children. The breed is a herding dog, so may have a tendency to nip at people and pets to try to herd them. Proper training is required for this highly intelligent breed. They love to work and are naturals in both obedience and herding competitions.

Grooming & Shedding

The coat of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi requires regular brushing, typically once or twice a week. The outer hair is naturally water-resistant and the breed should not be bathed frequently as this will strip the hair of natural oils and leave it looking dry and dull. The soft undercoat is shed twice a year, which is known as "blowing" the coat. At this time more frequent grooming is needed, especially if the dogs are in the house. Other than the two seasonal sheds the breed is an average shedder.

History

There are conflicting believes when it comes to the history of the Corgi breeds. It is assumed that they either decended from Celtic dogs brought to Wales in 1200 BC or were brought to Wales by Vikings around 800 BC. They were bred to have very short legs to help them with their herding duties. Corgis are considered "heelers" which is a style of herding that allows them to get in and nip livestock on their heels to get them moving with the herd. The Corgis low to the ground body allowed these dogs to simply roll out of the way to avoid flying hooves when the goats, sheep or cattle kicked backwards. Today if you are able to watch Corgi's playing you will see they still use this instinctive drop and roll evasive maneuver. The two breeds of Corgis now recognized separated into their respective breeds in the 1930's, prior to that they were considered one.

Health Issues

  • Major Concerns: PRA (progressive renal atrophy), glaucoma
  • Minor Concerns: Obesity
  • Occasionally seen: Luxated Patellae, hip dysplasia, back injury
  • Suggested tests: blood, eyesight, hips

Characteristics

Height

Males 10-13 inches (25-33cm)

Bitches 10-13 inches (25-33cm)

Weight

 

Males 25-30 pounds (11-14kg)

Females 25-30 pounds (11-14kg)

Lifespan

 12-15 years

Exercise

Medium

Apartment

Yes – with regular exercise

Families

Yes

Young Children

No

Need exercise space

Yes – regular romps and walks

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